Some teens argue that some events categorized as cyberbullying are simply drama.Danah Boyd writes, "teens regularly used that word [drama] to describe various forms of interpersonal conflict that ranged from insignificant joking around to serious jealousy-driven relational aggression.Cyberbullying can be as simple as continuing to send emails or text messages harassing someone who has said they want no further contact with the sender.It may also include public actions such as repeated threats, sexual remarks, pejorative labels (i.e., hate speech) or defamatory false accusations, ganging up on a victim by making the person the subject of ridicule in online forums, hacking into or vandalizing sites about a person, and posting false statements as fact aimed a discrediting or humiliating a targeted person.It could be something as simple as a run away script or learning how to better use E-utilities, for more efficient work such that your work does not impact the ability of other researchers to also use our site.To restore access and understand how to better interact with our site to avoid this in the future, please have your system administrator contact [email protected]
Not all negative interaction online or on social media can be attributed to cyberbullying.Research suggests that there are also interactions online that result in peer pressure, which can have a negative, positive, or neutral impact on those involved.A frequently used definition of cyberbullying is "an aggressive, intentional act or behavior that is carried out by a group or an individual, using electronic forms of contact, repeatedly and over time against a victim who cannot easily defend him or herself." There are many variations of the definition, such as the National Crime Prevention Council's more specific definition: "the process of using the Internet, cell phones or other devices to send or post text or images intended to hurt or embarrass another person." Cyberbullying is often similar to traditional bullying, with some notable distinctions.Cyberstalking is a form of online harassment in which the perpetrator uses electronic communications to stalk a victim.This is considered more dangerous than other forms of cyberbullying because it generally involves a credible threat to the victim's safety.This can leave the cyberbully anonymous, which can make it difficult for them to be caught or punished for their behavior, although not all cyberbullies maintain their anonymity.Text or instant messages and emails between friends can also constitute cyberbullying if what is said is hurtful.Cyberbullies may disclose victims' personal data (e.g.real name, home address, or workplace/schools) on websites or forums, or may use impersonation, creating fake accounts, comments or sites posing as their target for the purpose of publishing material in their name that defames, discredits or ridicules them.Manuals to educate the public, teachers and parents summarize, "Cyberbullying is being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material using a cell phone or the internet." Research, legislation and education in the field are ongoing.Research has identified basic definitions and guidelines to help recognize and cope with what is regarded as abuse of electronic communications.