The upper arm represents the inscription over Christ's head, and the lower slanting arm represents His footrest.Many of these Crosses are also found with the lower arm straight, rather than slanted.This was referred to by the Lord, Who said: And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of man be lifted up, that whoever believes in Him may have eternal life (John -15).Now everyone who looks to the Cross with faith receives salvation and protection; and as pointed out in the words of the Savior earlier, it is bound up with the idea of bearing a Cross (Matt. The only way to union with Christ is union through an imitation of His death; to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ is to be baptized into His death.In the Greek the cross-piece is of equal length to the upright, in the Latin the upright is of greater length.The tradition that the Cross of Golgotha had four points was upheld by St. Augustine; but the Church did admit a variety of forms of the Cross. Theodore of Studium says, a cross of any shape is a true cross!
The second Sign of the Cross, made as the four parts of the Lamb are arranged upon the paten, sanctifies the ground.This process, then, is the Church's meaning and justification, summed up in the words of the Apostle Paul: For if we have been united with Him in a death like His, we shall certainly be united with Him in a resurrection like His.We know that our old self was crucified with Him so that the sinful body might be destroyed, and we might no longer be enslaved to sin. But if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him (Rom. The earliest forms of the Cross in Christian art took the form of the depiction of the Cross as a monogram of the name of Jesus Christ.It is for this reason that we sing the triumphant hymn of the Holy Cross: Types of Crosses Tau (or T): This is so-called because it resembles the Greek letter of that name.This was the typical Cross used for Roman crucifixions. Andrews: According to Church tradition, this is the type of Cross on which St. Greek: This Cross has arms of equal length and was probably developed by the Greeks as having a more perfect form.The sacred central point of this world is the sign of the Holy Cross, symbol of the New Testament, symbol of victory over death, and the intersection of the heavenly and the earthly. John Damascene further states: As the four ends of the Cross are held together and united by its center, so are the height and the depths, the length and the breadth, that is, all creation visible and invisible, held together by the power of God [The Orthodox Faith}. John Chrysostom, who pointed out that the Cross is the joining of the heavenly and the earthly and the defeat of Hell [Works, Vol. And the early Fathers, faithful to the Apostolic Tradition, explained that, as the forces of death had entered into man with the eating of the fruit of the tree of knowledge, even so would eternal life enter into the world with the tree of life which, on earth, has been transformed into the Cross of Christ.This Tree of Life, united in the Cross of Golgotha, was seen in the Old Testament as the brass serpent which Moses made on the tree in obedience to God's command, by which those who had been bitten by poisonous serpents, upon looking at this brass serpent would remain alive.One of the earliest pictorial form of the Cross, for example, was the Greek letter X (dating from the 2nd Century), which later became known as the Cross of St. Later this X was bisected vertically by the Greek letter I, forming, in Greek, the name Jesus Christ.By the middle of the 3rd Century, the meaning of this Cross as a monogram gave way to the idea of a six-pointed Cross symbolizing the original image of the universe, for its six points represented the six days of the creation of the world.The first written mention of the veneration of the crucifix only occurs at the end of the 7th Century. John of Damascus: By the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ death was overcome, original sin was absolved, hell deprived of its prey, resurrection given and the strength to despise the present and even death itself, and the way was prepared to the blessedness that had been in the beginning, the gates of Paradise opened, our nature took up its seat upon the right hand of God and we became the children and heirs of God.All this was done by the Cross [The Orthodox Faith].